THE CATECHISM OF ST. PIUS X: The Second Article of the Creed
1 Q: What are we taught in the Second Article: And in Jesus Christ His only Son our Lord?
A: The Second Article of the Creed teaches us that the Son of God is the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity; that, like the Father, He is God eternal, omnipotent, Creator and Lord; that He became man to save us; and that the Son of God, made man, is called Jesus Christ.
2 Q: Why is the Second Person called the Son?
A: The Second Person is called the Son, because He is begotten by the Father from all eternity by way of intelligence; and for this reason He is also called the Eternal Word of the Father.
3 Q: Since we also are sons of God, why is Jesus Christ called the only Son of God the Father?
A: Jesus Christ is called the only Son of God the Father, because He alone is His Son by nature, whereas we are His sons by creation and adoption.
4 Q: Why is Jesus Christ called our Lord?
A: Jesus Christ is called our Lord, because, not only did He as God, together with the Father and the Holy Ghost, create us; but He has also as God and Man redeemed us.
5 Q: Why is the Son of God, made man, called Jesus?
A: The Son of God, made man, is called Jesus, that is to say, Savior, because He has saved us from the eternal death merited by our sins.
6 Q: Who gave the name of Jesus to the Son of God, made man?
A: The Eternal Father Himself, through the Archangel Gabriel, gave the name of Jesus to the Son of God made man, at the moment when the Archangel announced to the Blessed Virgin the mystery of the Incarnation.
7 Q: Why is the Son of God made man also called Christ?
A: The Son of God made man is also called Christ , that is to say, anointed or consecrated, because kings, priests and prophets were anointed of old; and Jesus is the King of kings, High Priest, and supreme Prophet.
8 Q: Was Jesus Christ really anointed and consecrated with a material anointing?
A: The anointing of Jesus Christ was not material, like that of the kings, priests and prophets of old, but wholly spiritual and divine, because the fullness of the Divinity dwells in Him substantially.
9 Q: Had men any idea of Jesus Christ previous to His coming?
A: Yes, previous to His coming men had some idea of Jesus Christ in the promise of the Messiah, which God made to our first parents, Adam and Eve, and which He renewed to the holy Patriarchs; and also in the prophecies and the many figures which foreshadowed Him.
10 Q: How do we know that Jesus Christ is truly the Messiah and Promised Redeemer?
A: We know that Jesus Christ is truly the Messiah and Promised Redeemer from the fact that in Him are verified: (1) All that the prophecies foretold, (2) And all that the figures of the Old Testament foreshadowed.
11 Q: What did the prophecies foretell of the Redeemer?
A: Regarding the Redeemer, the prophecies foretold the tribe and the family from which He was to come; the place and time of His birth; His miracles and the most minute circumstances of His Passion and Death; His Resurrection and Ascension into heaven; and His spiritual, perpetual and universal Kingdom, that is, the Holy Catholic Church.
12 Q: Which are the principal figures of the Redeemer in the Old Testament?
A: The principal figures of the Redeemer in the Old Testament are: the innocent Abel; the High Priest Melchisedek; the sacrifice of Isaac; Joseph sold by his brethren; the prophet Jonah; the Paschal Lamb; and the Brazen Serpent set up by Moses in the desert.
13 Q: How do you know that Jesus Christ is true God?
A: We know that Jesus Christ is true God: (1) From the testimony of the Father saying: This is My beloved Son in whom I am well pleased, hear ye Him; (2) From the attestation of Jesus Christ Himself, confirmed by the most stupendous miracles; (3) From the teaching of the Apostles; (4) From the unvarying tradition of the Catholic Church.
14 Q: Mention the chief miracles wrought by Jesus Christ?
A: Besides His Resurrection, the chief miracles wrought by Jesus Christ are; the restoring of health to the sick, of sight to the blind, of hearing to the deaf, and of life to the dead.